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Schizophr Res. 1996 May;20(1-2):157-64.

Cortical gray matter volume deficits in schizophrenia: a replication.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA, USA.


We sought to replicate an earlier finding of widespread deficit in cortical gray matter in schizophrenia by testing new samples of 22 schizophrenic patients and 27 controls between the ages of 21-46 years. Brain values for both patients and controls were standardized against age and head size norms derived from a larger control group (n = 73) spanning a wider age range (21-70). Compared to the new age-matched controls, the new schizophrenic sample showed a deficit in gray matter volume affecting the cortex as a whole and enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. Thus, widespread cortical gray matter deficit is a replicable feature of the brain dysmorphology of schizophrenia in young to middle-aged men.

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