Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 1996 Oct;70(10):6803-9.

A host factor that binds near the termini of hepatitis B virus pregenomic RNA.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0414, USA.

Abstract

The terminal regions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) harbors sites governing many essential functions in the viral life cycle, including polyadenylation, translation, RNA encapsidation, and DNA synthesis. We have examined the binding of host proteins to a 170-nucleotide region from the 5' end of HBV pgRNA; a large portion of this region is duplicated at the 3' end of this terminally redundant RNA. By UV cross-linking labeled RNA to HepG2 cell extracts, we have identified a 65-kDa factor (p65) of nuclear origin which can specifically bind to this region. Two discrete binding sites were identified within this region; in vitro cross-competition experiments suggest that the same factor binds to both elements. One binding site (termed UBS) overlaps a portion of the highly conserved stem-loop structure (epsilon), while the other site (termed DBS) maps 35 nucleotides downstream of the hexanucleotide polyadenylation sequence. Both binding sites are highly pyrimidine rich and map to regions previously found to be important in the regulation of viral polyadenylation. However, functional analysis of mutant binding sites in vivo indicates that p65 is not involved in the polyadenylation of HBV pgRNA. Potential roles for the factor in viral replication in vivo are discussed.

PMID:
8794319
PMCID:
PMC190725
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center