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Brain Res. 1996 May 20;721(1-2):1-10.

Development of intracellular Ca-ATPase in the gerbil outer hair cell lateral wall.

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Department of Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, KY 40292, USA.


The development of Ca-ATPase immunoreactivity in gerbil outer hair cells (OHCs), assayed by immunofluorescence and postembedding immunocytochemistry, is reported here. In the adult, a linear array of label is seen inside the lateral plasma membrane. The ultrastructural distribution of Ca-ATPase near the OHC lateral plasma membrane was examined using immunogold cytochemistry and showed this calcium pumping enzyme to be present throughout the subsurface cisternal complex (SSC), especially near the innermost layers. During development, Ca-ATPase immunoreactivity appeared in patches near the lateral plasma membrane of some OHCs of the third row by 12 days after birth (DAB). By 15-16 DAB, punctate immunoreactivity was detected in the second and first rows. At 20 DAB, immunostaining near OHC lateral plasma membrane was increased, but was less continuous than OHC staining in the adult cochlea. The appearance of Ca-ATPase in OHCs coincides with the onset of auditory function and isolated OHC motility in the gerbil. The ultrastructural demonstration of abundant sites of calcium pumps in the SSC supports a role for this structure in the intracellular storage of calcium. These findings suggest a possible role of Ca-ATPase and the SSC in the regulation of slow motility of OHCs which has been reported to depend on intracellular calcium concentration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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