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J Arthroplasty. 1996 Jun;11(4):429-37.

Host-bone response to porous-coated cobalt-chrome and hydroxyapatite-coated titanium femoral components in hip arthroplasty. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry analysis of paired bilateral cases at 5 to 7 years.

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1
Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital For Joint Diseases Orthopaedic Institute, New York, NY 10003, USA.

Abstract

Uncemented porous-coated cobalt-chrome femoral stems have produced satisfactory short-term clinical results, although slightly inferior to the results of cemented total hip arthroplasty. Proximal femoral bone resorption, osteolysis and fibrous ingrowth have been reported with porous-coated stems. Hydroxyapatite-coated stems and titanium stems have been introduced to avoid these findings through improved fixation. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry allows quantitative examination of bone density changes after uncemented total hip arthroplasty. This study examines the host-bone response to hydroxyapatite-coated titanium and porous-coated cobalt-chrome stems of identical geometry in three paired bilateral cases at 5 to 7 years. Distinctly different patterns of femoral bone mineral density changes were observed with the two stem designs. The authors conclude that dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry is a promising technique allowing noninvasive analysis of uncemented stem fixation, and that the data from this study suggest improved fixation and stress transfer with hydroxyapatite-coated titanium stems.

PMID:
8792250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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