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J Nucl Med. 1996 Sep;37(9):1444-8.

Thallium-201 scintigraphy to assess effect of chemotherapy in osteosarcoma.

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Division of Nuclear Medicine, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.


Imaging results in patients with high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities were reviewed to determine whether scintigraphic appearance correlated with histologic response to preoperative chemotherapy.


Histologically, the percent tumor necrosis in specimens from 30 patients were classified into three grades: grade 1 = necrosis less than 60%, grade 2 = 60%-89% necrosis and grade 3 = diffuse necrosis greater than 90% based upon whole transverse sections. Scintigraphically, we analyzed 201TI uptake before and after preoperative chemotherapy. The changes in the tumor-to-background ratio were defined by an alteration ratio.


Of the 11 patients with a grade 1 response, the ratio showed -67.1% +/- 45.4% (mean +/- s.d.). Of the 9 patients with a grade 2 response, the ratio showed 37.9% +/- 29.9% of the 10 patients with a grade 3 response the ratio showed 105.5% +/- 12.4%. The ratios correlated well with the histologic grades (p < 0.0001; analysis of variance).


Thallium-201 scintigraphy accurately assesses the effect of chemotherapy on osteosarcoma.

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