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Eur Cytokine Netw. 1995 Jul-Dec;6(4):245-52.

IL-13 supports differentiation of dendritic cells from circulating precursors in concert with GM-CSF.

Author information

1
Dept. of Immunology and Cell Biology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) can be obtained from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by in vitro culture with IL-4 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). IL-13 shares properties with IL-4 but its receptor does not involve the common gamma chain present in the receptor complex of IL-4 and other cytokines. The present study was aimed to elucidate whether IL-13 can substitute for IL-4 in DC cultures and to compare the phenotypic and functional characteristics of cells obtained using these two cytokines. Monocyte-enriched PBMC were cultured with GM-CSF and IL-4 or GM-CSF and IL-13. Cell yields and DClike morphology were similar. The cells showed a membrane phenotype typical of DC (MHC II+; CD1a+; CD14-; CD3-; CD20-). IL-13-derived and IL-4-derived DC were similar in terms of macropinocytosis, stimulatory capacity of cord blood lymphocytes in mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR), and responsiveness to chemotactic signals. It is concluded that IL-13 is as effective as IL-4, combined with GM-CSF in sustaining DC differentiation from PBMC and that activation of the common gamma chain-driven transduction pathways is dispensable for DC differentiation and function.

PMID:
8789290
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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