Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Yeast. 1996 Jan;12(1):53-65.

The yeast growth control gene GRC5 is highly homologous to the mammalian putative tumor suppressor gene QM.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and General Biology, University of Salzburg, Austria.

Abstract

We isolated the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GRC5 (growth control) gene by functional complementation in vivo of a ts (temperature sensitive) mutation. Phenotypic analysis suggested involvement of GRC5 in cell growth and proliferation. Mutant cells arrest their cell cycles after one to three cell divisions predominantly as mother cells with a large bud. In the region of the septum, a massive accumulation of cell wall material is observed. The mother and daughter nuclei are well separated and spindles are no longer present, while the cytoskeleton is of aberrant appearance. Arrested cells do not perform protein synthesis and are unable to mate. Furthermore, grc5-1ts cells rapidly lose viability at the restrictive temperature (37 degrees C) only on full media, but not under nitrogen-starvation conditions, indicating that proper response to this nutrient limitation is still intact in mutant cells after cell cycle arrest. The sequence of GRC5 translates into a basic protein of 221 amino acid with a corresponding Mr of 25.4 kDa. GRC5 is a member of the highly conserved QM gene family, members of which have been reported from plants, invertebrates and vertebrates. The amino acid sequence of GRC5 over its entire length is more than 60% identical to the human QM protein, expression of which is associated with loss of the tumorigenic phenotype in a cell line derived from Wilms' tumor, a malignancy of the embyronic kidney. Here, we show that GRC5 is an essential yeast gene, the function of which as inferred from analysis of the grc5-1ts mutant is crucial for establishment of proper cytoskeletal structure and regulation of growth in yeast cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center