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Behav Brain Res. 1996;73(1-2):313-17.

A new peptide, 5-HT-moduline, isolated and purified from mammalian brain specifically interacts with 5-HT1B/1D receptors.

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Unité de Pharmacologie Neuro-Immuno-Endocrinienne, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


5-HT-Moduline (Leu-Ser-Ala-Leu) is a new endogenous peptide purified from rat brain which interacts specifically with 5-HT1B/1D receptors. The binding interaction of 5-HT-Moduline with 5-HT1B/1D receptors appeared to be a non-competitive process, since the Bmax value of [125I] cyanopindolol binding on rat brain cortical membranes was decreased without modification of the Kd. This interaction was conserved on NIH 3T3 cells expressing the 5-HT1B receptor (IC50 = 10(-11)M) suggesting that the binding site for 5-HT-Moduline is localized on the 5-HT1B receptor protein. The observed interaction may lead to functional alterations of 5-HT1B/1D receptors known to play an important role in regulating the release of 5-HT from serotonergic nerve terminals (autoreceptors) as well as the release of other neurotransmitters (heteroreceptors).

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