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J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1995 Dec 15;674(2):269-75.

High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of isoniazid, acetylisoniazid and hydrazine in biological fluids.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, South Africa.


The basic principle of derivatization of a hydrazide moiety with an aldehyde as applied in the method developed by Lacroix et al. [J. Chromatogr., 307 (1984) 137-144] for the quantitation of isoniazid and acetylisoniazid was improved by modification, standardization and extension to allow quantitation of hydrazine in patient samples. It could be shown that 40 microliters of 1% methanolic cinnamaldehyde per 200 microliters of deproteinized analysate gave maximal chromophoric isoniazid-cinnamaldehyde conjugate, read at 340 nm. The hydrolytic loss of isoniazid, crucial to the quantitation of acetylisoniazid, could be compensated for by introduction of an appropriate set of calibration curves. Although the method described here allows quantitation of monoacetylhydrazine and diacetylhydrazine, in addition to hydrazine, in mono-spiked samples, the method cannot be used for the quantitation of the acetylated metabolites of hydrazine in patient samples because of a lack of specificity. Linear calibration curves in the range 1-25 micrograms/ml for isoniazid and acetylisoniazid, 10-400 ng/ml for hydrazine and 50-1000 ng/ml for monoacetylhydrazine and diacetylhydrazine, could be constructed; analyte recoveries approaching 100% could be achieved in all instances.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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