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Int J Immunopharmacol. 1995 Nov;17(11):913-21.

Selective depletion of cyclin-dependent kinases is associated with Fas-mediated apoptosis in human leukemia T-cell lines.

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Department of Pathology 1, Sapporo Medical University, Japan.


The Fas/Apo-1 molecule is a member of tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor (TNF/NGF) receptor family and is able to induce apoptosis in various type of malignant cells, including most of the human leukemia T-cells. We previously demonstrated that the Fas-resistant variants may exist in highly Fas-sensitive human leukemia T-cell lines. The surface expression of Fas antigen was unchanged in the variant cells, suggesting the requirement of the cytoplasmic mechanism to exert apoptosis. In the present study, we examined the changes in cytoplasmic proteins of the Fas-sensitive and Fas-resistant cells after stimulation with anti-Fas antibody, 2D1. In Western blotting analysis, we found that the stimulation of Fas-sensitive cells with 2D1, but not resistant variants, induced a repression of cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks), p34cdc2 and p33cdk2, along with apoptosis. There was no alteration in the expression of bcl-2, HSP70, HSP90, and cyclin proteins examined. This observation seemed specific to Fas-mediated apoptosis, because calcium ionophore A23187 or sodium azide failed to repress the expression of cdks. These results indicate that the specific depletion of cdks, most likely due to proteolysis, may play a role in Fas-mediated apoptosis.

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