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Jpn J Pharmacol. 1995 Dec;69(4):357-66.

Novel benzodioxan derivative, 5-(3-[((2S)-1,4-benzodioxan-2- ylmethyl)amino]propoxy)-1,3-benzodioxole HCl (MKC-242), with a highly potent and selective agonist activity at rat central serotonin1A receptors.

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Department of Pharmacology, Osaka University, Japan.


The present study characterizes the neurochemical profile of the newly synthesized compound 5-(3-[((2S)-1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylmethyl)amino]propoxy)-1,3-be nzodioxole HCl (MKC-242). In in vitro experiments, MKC-242 had high affinity for serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptors (Ki: 0.35 nM) and moderate affinity for alpha 1-adrenoceptors (Ki: 21 nM), whereas it had no appreciable affinity for any other neurotransmitter recognition sites studied and 5-HT transporter. MKC-242 (0.3-3.0 mg/kg, s.c.; 1-10 mg/kg, p.o.) caused presynaptic 5-HT1A-receptor-mediated responses (decreases in 5-HT turnover and 5-HT release) and postsynaptic 5-HT1A-receptor-mediated responses (hypothermia, an increase in serum corticosterone level and 5-HT1A behavioral syndrome). The effects of MKC-242 on decarboxylase inhibitor-induced 5-hydroxytryptophan accumulation and rectal temperature were blocked by the 5-HT1A-receptor antagonist N-tert-butyl-3-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-phenylpropana mide. The comparative studies on the in vivo responses induced by MKC-242 and the 5-HT1A-receptor full agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propyl-amino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) showed that MKC-242 and 8-OH-DPAT had similar efficacy at presynaptic 5-HT1A receptors, whereas the former had less efficacy than the latter at postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors. Furthermore, MKC-242 partially inhibited forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in hippocampal membranes. These findings suggest that MKC-242 acts as a full and partial agonist at pre- and postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors, respectively, in the central nervous system.

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