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J Med Chem. 1996 Aug 30;39(18):3596-600.

The chemistry of pseudomonic acid. 17. Dual-action C-1 oxazole derivatives of pseudomonic acid having an extended spectrum of antibacterial activity.

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SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Betchworth, Surrey, U.K.


A series of C-1 oxazole isosteres of pseudomonic acid A (mupirocin) bearing a nitroheterocycle have been synthesized, and significant differences in both spectrum of activity and potency were found between these derivatives and mupirocin. Additionally, the antibacterial potency of two members of this class of compounds against mupirocin-resistant staphylococci could not be accounted for solely by inhibition of the target enzyme isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IRS), indicating an additional mode of action. The most potent compound, the nitrofuran 3f (SB 205952), was the most electron affinic derivative prepared and was transformed by NAD(P)H-dependent bacterial reductases at a rate similar to that for nitrofurantoin. The second mode of action of this compound may therefore arise from its reduction to a species with cellular targets other than IRS. In in vivo studies, 3f was shown to be a very effective agent by both the subcutaneous and oral routes of administration.

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