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J Med Chem. 1996 Aug 30;39(18):3451-60.

Reassessment of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) as a chelating agent for indium-111 labeling of polypeptides using a newly synthesized monoreactive DTPA derivative.

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Department of Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan.


Previous studies on indium-111 (111In) labeling of polypeptides and peptides using cyclic diethylenetriaminepentaacetic dianhydride (cDTPA) as a bifunctional chelating agent (BCA) have indicated that DTPA might be a useful BCA for 111In labeling of polypeptides at high specific activities when DTPA can be incorporated without inducing intra- or intermolecular cross-linking. To investigate this hypothesis, a monoreactive DTPA derivative with a maleimide group as the peptide binding site (MDTPA) was designed and synthesized. A monoclonal antibody (OST7, IgG1) was used as a model polypeptide, and conjugation of MDTPA with OST7, 111In radiolabeling of MDTPA-OST7, and the stability of 111In-MDTPA-OST7 were investigated using cDTPA and benzyl-EDTA derivatives as references. SDS-PAGE analysis demonstrated that while cDTPA induced intramolecular cross-linking, no such undesirable side reactions were observed with MDTPA. MDTPA generated 111In-labeled OST7 with high radiochemical yields at higher specific activities than those produced using cDTPA and benzyl-EDTA derivatives as the BCAs. Incubation of each 111In-labeled OST7 in human serum indicated that MDTPA generated 111In-labeled OST7 of much higher and a little lower stability than those derived from cDTPA and benzyl-EDTA derivatives, respectively. These findings indicated that the low in vivo stability of cDTPA-conjugated antibody reported previously is not attributable to low stability of 111In-DTPA but to formation of intramolecular cross-linking during cDTPA conjugation reactions. The present study also indicated that MDTPA and its precursor, the tetra-tert-butyl derivative of DTPA, would be useful BCAs for 111In radiolabeling of polypeptides that have rapid blood clearance with high specific activities.

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