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Surgery. 1996 Sep;120(3):468-75.

Laparoscopic partial hepatectomy and left lateral segmentectomy: technique and results of a clinical series.

Author information

1
Second Department of Surgery, Toho University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Technical difficulties have impeded the development of laparoscopic hepatectomy. This article describes a new technique for performing partial hepatectomy and left lateral segmentectomy by means of laparoscopy, and the results in a series of 11 consecutive patients are reported.

METHODS:

A microwave tissue coagulator is used in combination with an ultrasonic surgical aspirator to divide hepatic parenchyma without pneumoperitoneum. Branched vessels and ducts are clipped and transected. The largest vessels were suture ligated in some cases. The endoscopic linear stapler was used to transect the left hepatic vein for left lateral segmentectomy. The resected liver was maneuvered into a specimen bag and removed. The argon beam coagulator was used to secure hemostasis of the plane of transection.

RESULTS:

Eleven patients underwent laparoscopic hepatic resection. Indications included isolated metastatic lesion, hepatocellular carcinoma, hemangioma, Wilson's disease, and hemochromatosis. Three patients underwent left lateral segmentectomy, and eight underwent partial hepatectomy. Ten procedures were performed uneventfully; one patient required conversion to open hepatectomy because of excessive bleeding. Notable differences were seen in blood loss compared with open hepatectomy, and no operative complications occurred. Postoperative pain was minimal.

CONCLUSIONS:

The laparoscopic hepatectomy, especially partial or left lateral segmentectomy, appears to be a viable surgical alternative in selected cases.

PMID:
8784399
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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