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Vaccine. 1996 Apr;14(6):545-52.

Immunisation of mice using Salmonella typhimurium expressing human papillomavirus type 16 E7 epitopes inserted into hepatitis B virus core antigen.

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Department of Biochemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.


Live vaccines based on BRD509, an attenuated S. typhimurium (aroA, aroD) strain, were constructed that directed the expression of hepatitis B core antigen particles (HBcAg) (BRD969) or HBcAg harbouring human papillomavirus type 16 E7 protein sequences (BRD974), under the control of the in vivo inducible nirB promoter. These strains were used to orally or intravenously immunise different inbred mouse strains and humoral, secretory and cellular anti-E7 and anti-HBcAg responses were monitored. Both BRD969 and BRD974 induced anti-HBcAg humoral IgG responses following oral or intravenous immunisation of B10 mice, although responses were higher in BRD969 immunised animals. IgG subclass analysis revealed a predominantly IgG2a response in these animals. BRD974, but not BRD969, induced anti-E7 humoral IgG responses. Anti-HBcAg (BRD969 and BRD974) and anti-E7 (BRD974) IgA responses were detected in the intestines of orally immunised mice. Anti-Salmonella but not anti-HBcAg or anti-E7 T helper cell responses were detected in mice immunised with BRD509, BRD969 and BRD974. Thus Salmonella vaccine strains can be used to efficiently deliver HBcAg and E7 epitopes to the mucosal and systemic immune systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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