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Mod Pathol. 1996 Jun;9(6):690-5.

Mutant p53 expression in kidney tubules adjacent to renal cell carcinoma: evidence of a precursor lesion.

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1
University of Alberta Hospitals, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

Neoplastic transformation can be associated with mutations of the p53 gene. This leads to stabilization of its protein product and to its accumulation, which allows immunohistochemical detection. Mutant p53 expression has been seen in many neoplasms, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We recently described putative precursor lesions of RCC. The lesions were defined as intratubular epithelial dysplasia (IED) of kidney tubules adjacent to RCC. They were seen in one-third of the cases studied. The findings were based only on light microscopic analysis. We hypothesized that neoplastic transformation would be manifested by mutant p53 expression in the kidney tubules adjacent to RCC and not in nonneoplastic kidneys. Immunohistochemical staining for p53 in 24 cases of RCC with adjacent kidneys was performed. We used the DO-7 monoclonal antibody reactive for the N-terminal of the p53 protein on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. Sections from 14 kidneys resected for nonneoplastic conditions were used as controls. Twenty-one (87%) of the 24 cases of RCC had nuclear p53 expression in the tumor cells. This included 14 cases (58%) with intense reactivity and 7 cases (29%) with weaker p53 immunoreactivity. Of the 24 cases of RCC, IED was identified in 13 cases (54%). Immunoreactivity for p53 was focally seen in tubules of all the lesions, as well as in the nonlesional areas. Six of the lesions exhibited intense nuclear staining. The kidneys adjacent to the RCC, with no evidence of IED, showed focally intense positive p53 nuclear staining in four cases. None of the control specimens showed p53 expression. Our findings provide supportive evidence that previously described IED in kidneys adjacent to RCC are most likely precursor lesions of the neoplasm. Aberrant expression of p53 in areas without evidence of IED may suggest that neoplastic transformation manifested by p53 mutation in kidney tubules may be seen before the development of the morphologic features of dysplasia and malignancy.

PMID:
8782209
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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