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Autoimmunity. 1995;22(4):245-60.

Immunoglobulin allotypes (GM and KM) and their interactions with HLA antigens in autoimmune diseases: a review.

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Centre d'Immunopathologie et de Génétique Humaine, CNRS UPR 8291, C.H.U. de Purpan, Toulouse, France.


GM and KM immunoglobulin (Ig) allotypes and their interactions with HLA antigens have been analyzed in various autoimmune diseases: multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), systemic lupus erythematosus, coeliac disease, Crohn's disease, Graves' disease, atrophic thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, myasthenia gravis, chronic active hepatitis, alopecia areata, uveitis, vitiligo, Turner's syndrome, glomerular nephritis, Berger's disease and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. This review reports published results about associations or linkages, as well as the origins of the populations, the numbers of patients and controls tested. The possible role of Ig polymorphisms in the physiopathology of autoimmune diseases is discussed. Ig allotypes and statistical methods used to analyse the HLA and Ig data are also described.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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