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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Aug 21;1313(1):41-6.

The S29 ribosomal protein increases tumor suppressor activity of K rev-1 gene on v-K ras-transformed NIH3T3 cells.

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Department of Cell Genetics, Sasaki Institute, Tokyo, Japan.


The human S29 ribosomal protein (S29 rp) cDNA has been isolated from differential hybridization screening of a colon carcinoma cDNA library. Northern blot analysis showed that the level of S29 rp mRNA was higher in undifferentiated HT29 human colon carcinoma cells than in a morphologically differentiated subclone under the same growth condition. Furthermore, the level of S29 rp mRNA was downregulated in rapidly proliferating HT29 cells, as compared to the contact inhibited cells. Interestingly, the amount of Krev-1 mRNA was inversely correlated with respect to the amount of S29 rp mRNA in these cells. To examine a functional link between S29 rp and Krev-1 protein, we co-transfected the expression vectors containing wild-type or mutant S29 rp and mutationally activated Krev-1(63E) cDNAs into the v-Ki-ras-transformed NIH3T3 (DT) cells, and observed the induction of flat revertants. Krev-1(63E) induced a certain amount of flat colonies, while S29 rp alone also induced flat colonies at low frequencies. Interestingly, revertant-inducing activity of Krev-1(63E) was significantly enhanced by S29 rp. We have also demonstrated that a zinc finger-like domain of S29 rp indeed has a zinc binding activity and a derivative, S29 rp(ms), which was unable to bind zinc ion but still retained revertant inducing activity by itself, could not functionally interact with Krev-1(63E) protein.

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