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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Aug 29;1291(1):89-95.

Common reabsorption system of 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol, fructose, and mannose in rat renal tubule.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Teikyo, Tokyo, Japan.


1,5-Anhydro-D-glucitol (AG) is a major polyol, 99.9% of which is reabsorbed by the kidney. However, such reabsorption is inhibited by competition with glucose excreted in excess, i.e., glucosuria. Under such conditions, AG is excreted into the urine. We administered various types of sugars to rats by continuous intravenous infusion for two hours to evaluate the competition between AG and these sugars for renal reabsorption in vivo. The reabsorption of AG was significantly inhibited by competition with fructose and mannose. The excretion of AG in the 120 min after a load of 3.64 mmol of fructose was 1.99 +/- 0.33 mumol, that after 3.64 mmol of mannose loading was 2.34 +/- 0.43 mumol. These levels were comparable to the AG excretion observed after the administration of the same amount of glucose (3.87 +/- 0.61 mumol). No competition was observed with sucrose, xylose, myoinositol or galactose. The reabsorption of fructose and mannose was significantly inhibited by the presence of AG (P < 0.001) after a mixed load. Results suggest that AG is reabsorbed in the renal tubule by an AG/fructose/mannose-common transport system that is distinct from the major glucose reabsorption system. These findings may help to clarify the specific transport systems for various sugars in the renal tubule, as well as their physiological importance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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