Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 1996 Sep 1;88(5):1588-93.

Prolonged administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (filgrastim) to patients with Fanconi anemia: a pilot study.

Author information

  • 1James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Department of Pathology, Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.


This report examines the effect of filgrastim (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, [G-CSF] in 12 patients with neutropenia [absolute neutrophil count [ANC] < 1,000/mm3]) caused by Fanconi anemia (FA). Two of 14 patients who were evaluated for study entry were ineligible because of unsuspected cytogenetic abnormalities in their bone marrow (BM). G-CSF was started at 5 micrograms/kg/d. All patients had an increase in their ANC at week 8 (mean increase = 15,664/mm3). The median ANC during therapy was 5,030/mm3. Eight of 10 patients who completed 40 weeks on study maintained an ANC > 1,500/mm3 on G-CSF given every-otherday. Four patients had an increase in their platelet count by week 8 without transfusion (maximum increase = 23,000 to 45,000/mm3); however, platelet counts fell toward baseline levels as the G-CSF dose was reduced. BM CFU-MK were increased at week 8 in three of four evaluable patients. Four patients who did not receive red blood cell transfusions had an increase in their hemoglobin level of at least 2.0 g/dL. A fifth patient had a red blood cell transfusion in week 2 and then had a similar increase in hemoglobin level without subsequent transfusion. Eight of 10 patients who completed 40 weeks of treatment showed increases in the percentage of BM CD34+ cells measured by flow cytometry. The same proportion showed increases in peripheral blood CD34+ cells. Increased BM cellularity and myeloid hyperplasia were constant findings and were associated with increased expression of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Adverse experiences were mild fever (1 patient) and a new BM cytogenetic abnormality at week 40 (1 patient). This study shows that prolonged administration of G-CSF exerts a stimulatory effect on the BM of FA patients and may be used to maintain a clinically adequate ANC in these patients. G-CSF has beneficial effects on multiple hematopoietic lineages in some patients and may be a good candidate for use in combination cytokine protocols for FA patients with progressive aplastic anemia. G-CSF use results in an increase in circulating CD34+ cells, a finding with important implications for future gene transfer protocols.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center