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Science. 1996 Sep 20;273(5282):1719-22.

Regulation of a neuronal form of focal adhesion kinase by anandamide.

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INSERM U 114, Chaire de Neuropharmacologie, Coll├Ęge de France, 11 place Marcelin Berthelot, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France.


Anandamide is an endogenous ligand for central cannabinoid receptors and is released after neuronal depolarization. Anandamide increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation in rat hippocampal slices and neurons in culture. The action of anandamide resulted from the inhibition of adenylyl cyclase and cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase. One of the proteins phosphorylated in response to anandamide was an isoform of pp125-focal adhesion kinase (FAK+) expressed preferentially in neurons. Focal adhesion kinase is a tyrosine kinase involved in the interactions between the integrins and actin-based cytoskeleton. Thus, anandamide may exert neurotrophic effects and play a role in synaptic plasticity.

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