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Chromosoma. 1996 Sep;105(3):142-9.

Stage-specific localization of the small heat shock protein Hsp27 during oogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster.

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Centre de Recherches du CHUL and Laboratoire de génétique cellulaire et développementale, RSVS, Pavillon C.E. Marchand, Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Québec, Canada G1K 7P4.


The developmental and heat shock-induced expression of the small heat shock protein Hsp27 was investigated by confocal microscopy of whole-mount immunostained preparations of ovarioles during oogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster. In unstressed flies, Hsp27 was mainly associated with germline nurse cells throughout egg development. A small group of somatic follicle cells also expressed Hsp27 specifically at stages 8 to 10 of oogenesis. Interestingly, this Hsp showed a different intracellular localization depending on the stages of egg chamber development. Thus Hsp27 was localized in the nucleus of nurse cells during the first stages of oogenesis (from germarium to stage 6) whereas it showed a perinuclear and cytoplasmic localization from stage 8. After a heat shock, Hsp27 accumulated in somatic follicle cells surrounding the egg chamber whereas the expression of this small Hsp did not seem to be enhanced in nurse cells. The stage-dependent pattern of intracellular localization of Hsp27 observed in nurse cells of unstressed flies was also observed following heat shock. At late stages of oogenesis, Hsp27 also showed a perinuclear distribution in follicle and nurse cells after heat stress. These observations suggest that different factors may modulate the expression and intracellular distribution of Hsp27. This modulation may be associated with the specific activities occurring in each particular cell type throughout oogenesis during both normal development and under heat shock conditions.

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