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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Aug 23;225(3):1063-7.

The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-12 occurs as a cell membrane-bound form on macrophages.

Author information

1
Physiological Institute, University Zürich-Irchel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Phagocyte-derived interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a proinflammatory cytokine promoting cell-mediated immune responses in inflammatory and infectious disorders. Based on sequence homology of the p40 subunit with the interleukin-6 receptor it has been speculated that IL-12 could also exist as a membrane-bound form, but thus far only soluble (secreted) IL-12 has been identified. We have therefore analyzed human monocytic U937 and mouse P388D1 macrophages for membrane-bound IL-12 by flow cytometry. IL-12 is constitutively expressed on the cell surface of both cell lines. IL-12 cell surface staining is enhanced in response to stimulation with IFN-gamma plus LPS. IL-12 is also present in the supernatant of cultured P388D1 macrophages. Thus, in addition to a soluble form IL-12 occurs as a membrane-bound molecule on monocyte/macrophage cell lines.

PMID:
8780734
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.1996.1295
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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