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Gastroenterology. 1996 Sep;111(3):772-7.

Human aberrant crypt foci with carcinoma in situ from a patient with sporadic colon cancer.

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Department of Surgery, Case Western Reserve University Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.


Aberrant crypt foci are putative preneoplastic lesions found in the colons of carcinogen-treated rodents and at an increased frequency in humans at increased risk for colon cancer. There is a strong association between aberrant crypt foci and colon cancer, including many shared phenotypic and genetic alterations. The aim of this study is to present further evidence of a relationship between aberrant crypt foci and colon cancer in humans. Multiple aberrant crypt foci from a single patient were identified in unembedded colonic mucosa. Histological sections of the aberrant crypt foci and adjacent mucosa were evaluated for dysplasia, proliferative activity, and pigment-laden macrophages that were characterized with histochemical techniques. The first patient with sporadic colon cancer identified with aberrant crypt foci with carcinoma in situ is described. It is interesting that this 99-year-old patient had multiple carcinomas in situ, pseudomelanosis coli, and two metachronous colon cancers. These data lend support to the hypothesis that aberrant crypt foci are precursors of some colon cancers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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