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Anesth Analg. 1996 Sep;83(3):466-71.

Pulsed wave Doppler measurement of cardiac output from the right ventricular outflow tract.

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Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.


Doppler ultrasound can be used to measure cardiac output (CO). Intraoperative Doppler cardiac output (DCO) by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been studied using blood flow velocity from the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), the mitral valve (MV), and the main pulmonary artery (MPA). The purpose of this study was to compare DCO, measured from a relatively new TEE view of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), with thermodilution cardiac output (TDCO). We also compared changes in DCO from the RVOT to changes in TDCO. A 5.0/3.7 MHz multiplane TEE probe was placed in 45 adult cardiac surgical patients undergoing general anesthesia. Patients were excluded if there was greater than mild tricuspid valve insufficiency. From the transgastric view, at approximately 110-140 degrees, the RVOT was imaged. DCO was calculated from 1) the time-velocity integral (TVI) using pulse wave (PW) Doppler, 2) the area of the RVOT (measured in early systole using the diameter (pi(D/2)2) of the RVOT at the level of the PW Doppler sample volume), and 3) the heart rate. Simultaneous TDCO was performed by a separate examiner. The RVOT was imaged satisfactorily in 84% of patients (38/45). The mean bias between DCO and TDCO was -0.01 L/min (2 SD +/- 0.45 L/min; n = 38). There was good correlation between DCO and TDCO (R2 = 0.97). Changes in TDCO and changes in DCO were compared in 15 patients. The mean bias between changes in DCO and changes in TDCO was 0.04 L/min (2 SD +/- 0.66 L/min). Analysis of the changes in DCO and TDCO showed good correlation (R2 = 0.96). We conclude that there is a good correlation between DCO measured from the RVOT and TDCO. This technique permits cardiac output measurement without the necessity of placing a pulmonary artery catheter, and it also provides a method of evaluating RVOT blood flow.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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