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Cell Mol Biol Res. 1995;41(6):561-7.

Differential susceptibility of epidermal keratinocytes and neuroblastoma cells to cytotoxicity of ultraviolet-B light irradiation prevented by the oxygen radical-scavenger ascorbate-2-phosphate but not by ascorbate.

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Department of Cell Biochemistry, Hiroshima Prefectural University School of BioScience, Japan.


Human or mouse epidermal keratinocytes NHEK or Pam212 was less susceptible to ultraviolet (UV)-B irradiation than mouse neuroblastoma NAs1 cells in culture, undergoing apoptosis-like cell death as shown by cell fragmentation and cell membrane integrity disruption. UV susceptibility was appreciably reduced by the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenger L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (Asc2P) endowed with long-lasting functions but not by L-ascorbic acid (Asc) for each cell type. DehydroAsc reduced UV susceptibility of Pam212 or NAs1 established cell lines but not of normal diploid NHEK cells destined to be thereafter submitted to cellular senescence. The susceptibility reduction may not be ascribed to extracellular Asc2P or DehAsc, which was removed by aspirating and/or rinsing upon irradiation after the intracellular channelyzer analysis and dead cell-specific DNA-intercalator ethidium homodimer/fluorometry, respectively. Thus, the three cell types differed in UV susceptibility partly because of their different ROS-scavenging abilities, which may be potently promoted by Asc2P or dehydroAsc but not Asc.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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