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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1996 Feb;28(2):259-65.

Scaling peak VO2 for differences in body size.

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1
Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, University of Exeter, United Kingdom.

Abstract

This paper examined the influence of different statistical modeling techniques on the interpretation of peak VO2 data in groups of prepubertal, circumpubertal, and adult males (group 1M, N = 29; group 2M, N = 26; group 3M, N = 8) and females (group 1F, N = 33; group 2F, N = 34; group 3F, N = 16). Conventional comparisons of the simple per-body-mass ratio (ml.kg-1.min-1) revealed no significant differences between the three male groups (P < 0.05). In females, a decline in VO2 between group 2F and 3F was observed (P < 0.05). Both linear and log-linear (allometric) models revealed significant increases across all three male groups for peak VO2 adjusted for body mass (P < 0.05). In females these scaling models identified a significantly lower peak VO2 in group 1F versus groups 2F and 3F (P < 0.05). Based upon the common mass exponent identified (b = 0.80, SE = 0.04), power function ratios (y.mass0.80) were generated and the logarithms of these compared. Again, results indicated a progressive increase in peak VO2 across groups 1M to 3M (P < 0.05) and an increase between groups 1F and 2F (P < 0.05). Incorporating stature into the allometric equation reduced the mass exponent to 0.71 (SE = 0.06) with the contribution of the stature exponent shown to be 0.44 (SE = 0.20). These results indicate that conventional ratio standards do not adequately account for body size differences when investigating functional changes in peak VO2.

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