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FEBS Lett. 1996 Sep 2;392(3):263-8.

A rise in nuclear calcium translocates annexins IV and V to the nuclear envelope.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology and Genetics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Following incubation of human fibroblasts with Ca2+ ionophore A23187, we found strong immunofluorescence labelling of the nuclear envelope by annexin IV antibody. Using confocal imaging of cells loaded with Fluo-3, we showed that A23187 generates an intense and sustained rise of Ca2+ in the nucleus. By contrast, stimulation without extracellular Ca2+ produces only a brief rise in nuclear Ca2+ that does not promote annexin IV translocation to the nuclear envelope, and compounds that induce only a transient increase of nuclear Ca2+ do not support translocation of annexin IV. In addition, annexin V was also translocated to the nuclear envelope by A23187, but distribution of annexins I, II, VI and VII is unaffected. In in vitro assays with isolated nuclei, annexin V was also found to bind to the nuclear envelope in a Ca2+-dependent manner. These results demonstrate that the translocation to the nuclear envelope of different types of Ca2+-regulated proteins is directly triggered by a major rise of Ca2+ in the nucleus.

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