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Arch Toxicol. 1995;70(2):96-103.

Hydrogen peroxide increases the activity of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells.

Author information

1
Department of Environmental Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University, Kanagawa, Japan.

Abstract

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) caused a rapid and a concentration-dependent increase in the activity of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells. The increase in the activity was transient and declined rapidly during post-treatment incubation. Inhibition of protein synthesis by cycloheximide, chelation of divalent iron by o-phenanthroline, and scavenging of free radicals by butyl-4-hydroxyanisole failed to suppress the increase in activity of gamma-GCS caused by H2O2. However, catalase completely inhibited the increase in the activity of the enzyme. H2O2 did not change the level of total glutathione (GSH + GSSG) but it oxidized GSH. The increase in levels of GSSG caused by H2O2 was enhanced by o-phenanthroline. These results suggest that the increase in activity of gamma-GCS caused by H2O2 is not an inducible phenomenon, nor it is attributable to the action of free radicals generated by an iron-catalyzed Fenton reaction. Furthermore, the changes in levels of GSH and GSSG caused by H2O2 appear not to be responsible for the increase in activity of gamma-GCS caused by the hydroperoxide. However, chemical reduction of the enzyme, the activity of which had been increased by H2O2, resulted in a decrease in tha activity, suggesting the involvement of oxidation of the enzyme in the increased activity of gamma-GCS caused by H2O2. The results also suggest that the activity of gamma-GCS in cultured V79 cells can be regulated by the cellular oxidation-reduction state.

PMID:
8773181
DOI:
10.1007/bf02733669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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