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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Mar;81(3):1083-9.

Acute effects of the human amylin analog AC137 on basal and insulin-stimulated euglycemic and hypoglycemic fuel metabolism in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

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1
Medical Department M (Endocrinology and Diabetes), Aarhus Kommunehospital, Denmark.

Abstract

Amylin has been reported to decrease glycogen storage in rodent skeletal muscles and produce insulin resistance in intact rats. To test the acute effect of a human amylin analog (AC137) on glucose metabolism in man, seven IDDM patients were infused in a randomized, double blind, cross-over study with AC137 (100 micrograms/h, n = 1; 50 micrograms/h, n = 6) or placebo for 330 min during a two-step euglycemic clamp (insulin infusion rates, 0.2 and 0.6 mU/kg.min; basal and hyperinsulinemic period, respectively) followed by a hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemic clamp (insulin infusion rate, 1.5 mU/kg.min; hypoglycemic period). During euglycemia, no differences were found in glucose disposal (step 1, 2.43 +/- 0.20 vs. 2.03 +/- 0.26; step 2, 4.28 +/- 0.54 vs. 4.11 +/- 0.45 mg/kg.min; AC137 vs. placebo, mean +/- SEM), arteriovenous substrate balances across the forearm, or hepatic glucose production. During hypoglycemia, glucose fluxes were also similar. However, lactate release from the forearm was more pronounced (P < 0.05) with the analog than with placebo (area under the curve, -11.2 +/- 4.6 vs. -1.4 +/- 2.2 mmol/min.L). Despite similar plasma glucose nadirs (2.7 +/- 0.0 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.1 mmol/L; AC137 vs. placebo), circulating cortisol and GH rose to significantly higher levels during hypoglycemia with the amylin analog (P < 0.05). In conclusion, acute administration of the amylin analog AC137 did not influence insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism during euglycemic conditions. During imposed hypoglycemia, lactate release from skeletal muscle was, however, enhanced, and the rise in cortisol and GH was augmented.

PMID:
8772580
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.81.3.8772580
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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