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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jan;270(1 Pt 1):L80-7.

Stimulation of both human bronchial epithelium and neutrophils is needed for maximal interactive adhesion.

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Department of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.


It has become clear that the bronchial epithelium is not just a passive barrier but plays an active role in inflammation. It can produce several inflammatory mediators and does express cell adhesion molecules of which intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 can be upregulated by cytokines like interferon (IFN)-gamma. In the present study, we analyzed in detail the interaction of neutrophils with human bronchial epithelial cells, both primary cultured cells and the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Confluent monolayers of epithelial cells were incubated with freshly isolated 51Cr-labeled neutrophils for 30 min at 37 degrees C; then the nonadherent cells were removed by washing gently. Stimulation of the epithelial cells with IFN-gamma or the combination of IFN-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) (which doubles the ICAM-1 expression) increased neutrophil adhesion. Activation of the neutrophils themselves with N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), platelet-activating factor, or TNF-alpha also caused a profound enhancement of the adhesion. A significant additional increase was found when the epithelial cells had been exposed to IFN-gamma and the neutrophils were stimulated with fMLP simultaneously. This effect was even more pronounced with epithelium preincubated with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. With the use of monoclonal antibodies against CD18 and ICAM-1, it was demonstrated that the increased adhesion was mainly mediated by the ICAM-1/beta 2-integrin interaction. This study highlights that both the activation state of the bronchial epithelial cells and the activation state of the neutrophils are critical for their interactive adhesion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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