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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jan;270(1 Pt 1):C57-66.

Swelling-activated anion conductance in skate hepatocytes: regulation by cell Cl- and ATP.

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Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory, Salsbury Cove, Maine 04672, USA.


Cell swelling activates an outwardly rectifying anion conductance in mammalian cells. The channel responsible for this conductance mediates volume-regulatory efflux of organic osmolytes such as taurine. We observed a similar conductance in hepatocytes from the skate Raja erinacea. Whole cell Cl- conductance was increased > 100-fold by a 2-fold increase in hepatocyte volume. The conductance was outwardly rectifying and had a relative cation permeability of approximately 0.2. Cation permeability was increased by reductions in patch pipette CsCl concentration, suggesting that the channel pore contains saturable anion and cation binding sites with different anion and cation affinities. The conductance had a broad anion selectivity and a relative taurine permeability of 0.17. Activation of the conductance required intracellular ATP or a nonhydrolyzable ATP analogue. Elevation of intracellular Cl- from 20 to 155 mM reduced current activation while the rate and extent of cell swelling were unaffected. Reduction of intracellular Cl- concentration to 5-10 mM caused spontaneous current activation without cell swelling. These results suggest that increases in cell Cl- levels increase the volume set point of the channel. We propose that the main function of the outwardly rectifying anion channel is nonselective transport of organic solutes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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