Send to

Choose Destination
Magn Reson Med. 1996 Jan;35(1):97-106.

Use of nitroxides for assessing perfusion, oxygenation, and viability of tissues: in vivo EPR and MRI studies.

Author information

Department of Radiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03755, USA.


Relative perfusion, pO2, and bioreduction were measured simultaneously in vivo in tissues in mice by following changes in the intensity and shape of the EPR spectra of nitroxides injected directly into the tissues, using low frequency (1.1 GHz) localized EPR spectroscopy. Using normal and blood flow restricted gastrocnemius muscles it was shown that the decrease of the EPR signals of the nitroxides in tissues was due principally to perfusion, which redistributed the nitroxides. Changes in pO2 were reflected by changes of the linewidth; only a perdeuterated nitroxide with a narrow line was an adequate indicator for this parameter. This technique was applied experimental murine tumors (MTG-B and RIF-1) to determine the perfusion and pO2 in these relatively hypoxic model tumor systems. Using the paramagnetic properties of the nitroxides to enhance T1-weighted MR images, heterogeneity in perfusion in individual tumors was demonstrated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center