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Am J Physiol. 1996 Aug;271(2 Pt 2):F451-60.

Regulation of amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels by endothelin-1 in distal nephron cells.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.

Abstract

We used patch-clamp methods to investigate the effects of basolateral endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel in A6 distal nephron cells. One hundred picomolar ET-1 decreased channel activity via an increase in mean time closed (P < 0.01, n = 10). Channel inhibition by pM ET-1 was mimicked by an ET-B receptor agonist (P < 0.05, n = 7) and was prevented by ET-B antagonists (P = 0.14, n = 10) but not by an ET-A antagonist (P < 0.05, n = 4). With the inhibitory ET-B receptor blocked, higher doses of ET-1 (10 nM) actually increased channel activity through an increase in mean time open (P < 0.001, n = 12). The current-voltage relationship and the number of channels were not changed by basolateral ET-1 exposure. We conclude that 1) basolateral ET-1 regulates amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels; 2) binding of picomolar ET-1 to ET-B receptors inhibits, whereas the binding of nanomolar ET-1 to a different ET receptor (likely ET-A) stimulates, channel activity; and 3) these dose-dependent, distal nephron responses provide a potential mechanism for the in vivo natriuresis and antinatriuresis observed in response to "subpressor" and "pressor" concentrations of ET-1, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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