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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jan;270(1 Pt 2):R228-37.

20-HETE is an endogenous inhibitor of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel in renal arterioles.

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1
Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA.

Abstract

The present study examined the effects of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) and 17-octadecynoic acid (17-ODYA), an inhibitor of the metabolism of arachidonic acid by P-450, on K(+)-channel activity in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSM) isolated from renal arterioles of the rat. Two types of K+ channels were characterized using inside-out excised membrane patches. One channel exhibited a large conductance (250.3 +/- 5 pS), was activated by membrane depolarization and elevations in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration, and was blocked by low concentrations (< 1 mM) of tetraethylammonium (TEA). The other K+ channel exhibited an intermediate conductance (46.3 +/- pS), was activated by membrane depolarization but not by changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and was blocked by 4-aminopyridine (5 mM). Addition of 20-HETE to the bath (1-100 nM), reduced the frequency of opening of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel recorded using cell-attached patches on VSM. It had no effect on the intermediate-conductance K+ channel: 17-ODYA (1 microM) increased the activity of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel, and this effect was reversed by 20-HETE (10 nM). 20-HETE (1-1000 nM) reduced the diameter of isolated perfused small renal arteries of the rat by approximately 15% TEA (1 mM) blocked the vasoconstrictor response to 20-HETE (100 nM). These studies suggest that 20-HETE is an endogenously formed vasoconstrictor that acts in part by inhibiting the opening of the large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel in renal arteriolar VSM.

PMID:
8769806
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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