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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jan;270(1 Pt 2):R71-9.

Age and regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance during repeated exercise sessions.

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Noll Physiological Research Center, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA.


A common response after only 3-4 days of repeated exercise in younger individuals is an expansion of plasma volume (PV); however, it is not known if older individuals have a similar response. In this study, six older (O) (67 +/- 1 yr) and six younger (Y) men (24 +/- 2 yr) cycled for 4 successive days at 50% maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max) for 90 min in a warm environment [30 degrees C temperature dry bulb (Tdb), 24 degrees C temperature wet bulb (Twb)]. On day 4, PV was increased (P < 0.05) in Y (10.0 +/- 1%) but not (P > 0.05) in O (1.7 +/- 2%). The increased PV was associated with a greater (P < 0.05) daily fluid intake during the exercise period in Y (45 +/- 3 ml. body wt-1) compared with O (32 +/- 2 body wt-1) and an increase (P < 0.05) in the total circulating protein (TCP) content in Y (0.23 +/- 0.1 g/kg body wt) but not in O (0.10 +/- 0.1 g/kg body wt). Throughout the 4-day exercise period there were similar reductions in 24-h urine flow rate (UV) and urinary sodium excretion (UNaV) in Y and O. Additionally, acute renal clearance measures made during exercise on days 1 and 4 showed similar (P > 0.05) reductions in UNaV between Y (-55 +/- 10%) and O (-44 +/- 6%). However, during exercise in O there were no changes (P > 0.05) in UV (2 +/- 12%) and urine osmolality (UOsm) (-12 +/- 6%) from resting values compared with Y, where UV was decreased (P < 0.05) by 41 +/- 9% and UOsm was increased (P < 0.05) by 39 +/- 8%. Therefore, the inability of the older subjects to increase PV after repeated days of exercise is not related to an impaired renal fluid and Na+ conservation ability, despite a reduced urine concentrating ability during exercise, but to other factors (e.g., fluid intake and TCP) that appear necessary for the hypervolemic response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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