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Immunity. 1996 Aug;5(2):181-8.

Impaired IgG-dependent anaphylaxis and Arthus reaction in Fc gamma RIII (CD16) deficient mice.

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Department of Immunology, University Hospital Utrecht, The Netherlands.


The family of receptors for IgG (Fc gamma R) plays an essential role in antibody-mediated effector functions of the immune system. However, the specific contribution of each of the Fc gamma R classes to in vivo immune reactions is still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that mice deficient for the ligand-binding alpha chain of Fc gamma RIII lack NK cell-mediated antibody-dependent cytotoxicity and phagocytosis of IgG1-coated particles by macrophages. Strikingly, these mice lack IgG-mediated mast cell degranulation, are resistant to IgG-dependent passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, and exhibit an impaired Arthus reaction. These results indicate a prominent role for Fc gamma RIII in inflammatory and anaphylactic responses, making this receptor a potential target in immunotherapy.

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