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Dig Dis Sci. 1996 Aug;41(8):1600-3.

Esophageal dysmotility in children breast-fed by mothers with silicone breast implants. Long-term follow-up and response to treatment.

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Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Schneider Children's Hospital, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, New York 11040, USA.


Our aims were to determine the long-term clinical and manometric follow-up of 11 children with previously documented esophageal dysmotility, who had been breast-fed by mothers with silicone breast implants, their response to prokinetic agents, and to analyze changes in macrophage activation. Seven of 11 children had subjective clinical improvement. Weight/ height ratios remained the same or improved in 9/11. Biopsies at follow-up endoscopy were either normal or demonstrated mild esophagitis in 8/10. LES and UES pressures and percent propagation were not significantly different at follow-up, while wave amplitude significantly increased. Following intravenous metoclopramide, LES pressure, percent propagation, and wave amplitude significantly increased while UES pressure was unchanged. Urinary neopterin significantly decreased at follow-up, while urinary nitrates were unchanged. Esophageal dysmotility is chronic in this group of children, suggesting persistent autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Prokinetic agents may be useful in long-term management. The decreasing urinary neopterin levels suggest that, ultimately, there may be improvement in esophageal motility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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