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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996 Aug;278(2):518-26.

Role of phospholipase C and phospholipase A2 in the nitric oxide-independent vasodilator effect of bradykinin in the rat perfused heart.

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Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, USA.


The cytochrome P450-dependent component of the coronary vasodilator action of bradykinin which requires activation of K+ channels was examined in terms of the contribution of phospholipases in the rat Langendorff heart preparation. This component was isolated by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with nitroarginine and cyclooxygenase with indomethacin, neither of which affects the coronary vasodilator action of bradykinin. However, nitroarginine elevated coronary perfusion pressure from approximately 40 to 130 mm Hg. The phospholipase C inhibitor, U73122 {1-(6-((17 beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl) amino)hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione}, reduced coronary vasodilator responses to bradykinin by greater than 80%. U73122 also diminished the coronary vasodilator action of cromakalim which activates ATP-sensitive K+ channels. The maleimide moiety of U73122 that has the capacity to affect K+ channels inhibited cromakalim-induced coronary vasodilation, but did not affect that to bradykinin. Inhibition of diacylglycerol lipase with RHC 80267 {1,6-bis-(cyclohexyloximinocarbonylamino)-hexane} was without an overall effect on coronary vasodilator responses to bradykinin. The cytosolic phospholipase A2 inhibitor, AACOCF3 {arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone┬┐} decreased responses to bradykinin by up to 90% whereas inhibitors of the secretory form of phospholipase A2 oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine and ONO-RS-082 {2-(p-amylcinnamoyl)amino-4-chlorobenzoic acid} were less effective than either AACOCF3 or U73122. The phospholipase inhibitors demonstrated selectivity as they did not affect the coronary vasodilator responses to nitroprusside. We obtained additional evidence for the antiphospholipase activity of the inhibitors by demonstrating their capacity to suppress bradykinin-stimulated increases in the release of prostacyclin, measured as 6-keto prostaglandin F1 alpha. The phospholipase inhibitors did not affect cyclooxygenase activity as the ability of arachidonic acid to stimulate prostaglandin formation was unimpaired. These results indicate that the coronary vasodilator action of bradykinin is linked to the activities of both phospholipase C and A2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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