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Am J Emerg Med. 1996 Jul;14(4):364-8.

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests: an 8-year New York City experience.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York, NY 10011, USA.

Erratum in

  • Am J Emerg Med 1997 Jan;15(1):112.


A retrospective study was conducted to determine the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests by one prehospital system in New York City from January, 1986, through December, 1993. The results were recorded consistent with the Utstein Style. Of 481 attempted patient resuscitations 406 were of cardiac etiology, with 382 patients having arrested prior to EMS arrival; their overall survival rate was 2.1% (8/382). Cardiac arrests were witnessed in 246 patients. Of the witnessed arrest patients found in ventricular fibrillation (96/246), the overall survival rate was 7.3% (7/96). Of the 7 survivors who were discharged from the hospital, 71.4% (5/7) had a good cerebral performance/good overall performance. Of 24 patients who arrested in the presence of EMS, the survival rate was 12.5% (3/24). This study confirms a poor survival rate for patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in New York City.

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