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Eur J Immunol. 1996 Jul;26(7):1430-4.

Functional CD40 ligand expression on T lymphocytes in the absence of T cell receptor engagement: involvement in interleukin-2-induced interleukin-12 and interferon-gamma production.

Author information

1
University of Montreal, Louis-Charles Simard Research Center, Notre-Dame Hospital, Canada.

Abstract

Despite the fact that the great majority of T cells at the site of an inflammatory response are not antigen specific, the mechanisms leading to activation and recruitment of these bystander T cells are poorly understood. We previously reported that soluble (s)CD23 potentiated the interleukin (IL)-2-induced interferon (IFN)-gamma production by T cells co-cultured with autologous monocytes in the absence of T cell receptor (TCR) engagement. Our present data demonstrate that the IL-2-induced IFN-gamma secretion, in the presence but also in the absence of sCD23, is strictly IL-12 dependent, inasmuch as anti-IL-12 antibody abrogated both responses. Most interestingly, anti-CD40 ligand (CD40L) monoclonal antibody significantly inhibited IL-2-induced IL-12 as well as IFN-gamma production. These results suggest that CD40L was expressed on T cells in the absence of TCR engagement. Indeed, purified unstimulated T cells readily expressed CD40L. IL-2 and monocytes did not up-regulate CD40L on resting T cells. It is proposed that low levels of CD40L expression on non-antigen stimulated T cells are sufficient to signal through CD40 molecules on accessory cells and to induce IL-12 secretion, which in turn can synergize with IL-2 for the induction of IFN-gamma production, thus contributing to the inflammatory process.

PMID:
8766543
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830260705
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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