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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jun;270(6 Pt 1):C1695-702.

cAMP motifs regulating transcription in the aquaporin 2 gene.

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1
Renal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA.

Abstract

Genomic clones including the 5' flanking regions of the AQP2 (aquaporin 2) gene were isolated, and the promoter region was examined by transiently transfecting a promoter-luciferase reporter fusion gene into renal cultured epithelial cells. An orientation specific promoter for the AQP2 gene was found within the proximal 3 kb of 5'-flanking region. Minimal basal promoter activity of the AQP2 gene was found within 198 bp upstream from the transcription start site by deletion analysis. Sequencing the transcriptionally active region revealed a typical TATA box, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) responsive element (CRE) and three putative CCAAT boxes in the proximal 1.2-kb region. Significantly, a GATA motif, AP1, AP2, and SP1 transcriptional factor consensus sites were also found in this region. Exposure to cAMP-enhancing agents (1 nM vasopressin or 20 mM forskolin and 250 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine) showed that these agents increased luciferase activity in a parallel fashion, suggesting that vasopressin-induced AQP2 gene transcription is mediated through increases in intracellular cAMP in at least one renal cell type, the LLC-PK1 cells. The mechanism of cAMP responsiveness of AQP2 gene transcription was further studied using a series of deletion mutants in renal epithelial cells and other cell types. The cAMP regulatory motifs were shown to exist in a 50-bp sequence between -340 and -290 (containing CRE) and a 65-bp sequence (containing an AP2 site) between -150 and the ATG start site in LLC-PK1 cells. In rat inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells, the cAMP regulatory motifs also exist in a 50-bp sequence between -340 and -290 (containing CRE) and in a 10-bp sequence between -160 and -150 (containing an SP1 site). These separate regions may cooperate to confer full cAMP inducibility to the AQP2 gene in a cell-specific manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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