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Tuber Lung Dis. 1996 Apr;77(2):178-83.

Staff and patient attitudes to tuberculosis and compliance with treatment: an exploratory study in a district in Vietnam.

Author information

1
Department of International Health and Social Medicine (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

SETTING:

The study, a collaboration between the National Tuberculosis Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam and the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, was carried out in a district of Quang Ninh Province in North Vietnam.

OBJECTIVES:

To describe tuberculosis (TB) services, attitudes of staff, and attitudes of patients considered as defaulters to TB treatment.

DESIGN:

Two focus group discussions were carried out with staff at the district hospital. Ten defaulter patients were interviewed in their homes.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

This exploratory study has revealed some important aspects of staff and patients' attitudes to TB and its treatment. Tuberculosis is considered a 'dirty' disease, which mainly affects poor people. There is a tendency to avoid telling others about it. Obvious symptoms are explained as 'being overworked'. A patient with TB feels 'less respected' by others. The social stigmatization leads to delays in seeking medical care, often only after self-medication: anti-tuberculosis drugs can be bought without prescription in various pharmacies. The patient's economic situation is also an important determinant of compliance and non-compliance. These factors need to be taken into consideration in TB control in Vietnam.

PMID:
8762855
DOI:
10.1016/s0962-8479(96)90035-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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