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Oncogene. 1996 Aug 15;13(4):803-12.

Conditional expression of N-myc in human neuroblastoma cells increases expression of alpha-prothymosin and ornithine decarboxylase and accelerates progression into S-phase early after mitogenic stimulation of quiescent cells.

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Department of Cytogenetics-0825, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.


To elucidate the contribution of the N-Myc protein to neuroblastomas we have used a synthetic inducible expression system on the basis of the tetracycline repressor of E coli to reversibly express N-myc in a human neuroblastoma cell line in which expression of endogenous N-myc is barely detectable. Like the c-Myc protein, N-Myc up-regulates the expression of both alpha-prothymosin and ornithine decarboxylase. Induction of N-myc increases both the rate of DNA-synthesis and the proliferation rate, and shortens the G1 phase of the cell cycle. A comparison of cell populations in which the presence of N-Myc protein was restricted to different parts of G(zero)/G1 revealed that N-Myc is rate-limiting for cell cycle progression during the first 5 h after serum stimulation of quiescent cells providing direct evidence that Myc-proteins act early after mitogenic stimulation of quiescent cells.

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