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Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C312-20.

Intestinal epithelial cytoskeleton selectively constrains lumen-to-tissue migration of neutrophils.

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1
Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Migration of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes; PMN) across polarized epithelia is asymmetrical: basolateral-to-apical (physiologically directed) migration is far more efficient than migration in the reverse direction, suggesting the presence of luminal retention signal(s). Following pilot observations, we used polarized intestinal epithelial monolayers (T84) to examine whether asymmetrical constraint of migration afforded by the epithelial cytoskeleton might underlie such retention signals. Rearrangement of epithelial cortical F-actin accompanied PMN transepithelial migration (in either direction) and was prevented by preloading monolayers with the F-actin stabilizing agent phallacidin. Although phallacidin preloading did not influence physiologically directed PMN transepithelial migration, such treatment greatly enhanced migration in the reverse direction (i.e., effective loss of luminal retention signal). 1,2-Bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) preloading also prevented epithelial cortical actin rearrangements and selectively resulted in loss of luminal retention signal(s). BAPTA preloading did not influence resistance or forskolin-induced Cl- secretion, and phallacidin preloading did not influence resistance or carbachol-induced Cl- secretion, suggesting that barrier function and surface polarity were maintained under these conditions. These and supplementary data suggest that epithelial actin (but not microtubule) cytoskeletal reordering asymmetrically influences PMN migration and underlies, at least in part, the observed signal that biases for retention of PMN in the luminal space.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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