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Am J Med. 1996 Aug;101(2):170-6.

Fluconazole versus amphotericin B in the treatment of hematogenous candidiasis: a matched cohort study.

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1
Department of Medical Specialties, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the efficacy and toxicity of fluconazole and amphotericin B in the treatment of hematogenous candidiasis in cancer patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A matched cohort study of cancer patients with hematogenous candidiasis was conducted. Forty-five patients with hematogenous candidiasis who received fluconazole (200 to 600 mg/day) in an open-label trial at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, between February 1990 and June 1992 were matched to 45 patients treated with amphotericin B (0.3 to 1.2 mg/kg/day) for the same diagnosis. Criteria for matching included the following prognostic variables at the initiation of therapy: pneumonia, neutropenia (< 1,000 cells/mm3), number of positive blood cultures before therapy, infecting Candida species, underlying disease, and the simplified acute physiology score. Response and survival at 48 hours, after 5 days of therapy, and at the end of therapy, as well as toxicity rates were obtained. Other post hoc analyses were performed. Differences in outcomes were assessed by the McNemar, the sign, and the log rank tests.

RESULTS:

Patients were similar with respect to the matching criteria, age, sex, status of underlying disease, use of antibiotics and growth factors, duration of treatment, presence and removal of central venous catheters, disseminated disease, and concomitant infections. Response rates at 48 hours and 5 days were similar between the two study groups. Overall response rates at the end of therapy were 73% for patients treated with fluconazole and 71% for patients treated with amphotericin B (P = 0.78). There were no differences in survival rates or causes of death. Toxicity was observed in 9% of patients treated with fluconazole and in 67% of patients treated with amphotericin B (P < 0.0001). Toxic effects of amphotericin B included nephrotoxicity, hypokaliemia, and fever and chills.

CONCLUSION:

Fluconazole is effective and better tolerated than amphotericin B for the treatment of hematogenous candidiasis in cancer patients.

PMID:
8757357
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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