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J Histochem Cytochem. 1996 Aug;44(8):809-17.

PYY in developing murine islet cells: comparisons to development of islet hormones, NPY, and BrdU incorporation.

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Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Statens Seruminstitut, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Exhaustive characterizations of antisera to the structurally related peptides pancreatic polypeptide (PP), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and peptide YY (PYY) enabled us to establish the developmental pattern of these peptides in rat and mouse pancreas. PYY was the earliest detectable peptide and was present in all early appearing endocrine cell types. NPY appeared later and occurred exclusively in a subpopulation of insulin cells, whereas PP cells arose latest. At the earliest stage studied, all endocrine cells stored PYY. Most of these cells also contained glucagon. Subsequently, the endocrine cells comprised glucagon+PYY cells and glucagon+PYY+insulin cells. Later, cells storing either only insulin or insulin+PYY appeared. Quantitations of the relative numbers of these cell populations during development were consistent with a precursor role of triple-positive (insulin+glucagon+PYY) cells. Moreover, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) injections at E15.5 showed that a large percentage of triple-positive cells were in S-phase and therefore were actively dividing, whereas almost no pure insulin cells or insulin+PYY cells synthesized DNA at this time. These results suggest that PYY-positive endocrine cells may represent precursors for mature islet cells.

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