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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1996 Sep;111(1):18-22.

Pharmacologic study of basophil histamine release induced by monocyte chemotactic protein-1 with kinase inhibitors.

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Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kantou Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.


Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1)/monocyte chemotactic activating factor has a potent histamine-releasing activity for basophils and is a major component of IgE-independent histamine-releasing factors (HRF). In this study, we examined the effect of a panel of kinase inhibitors on MCP-1-induced histamine release from human basophils to characterize the signaling pathway used by this chemokine. Genistein (3 micrograms/ml), an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, inhibited MCP-1-induced histamine release by 44%. Wortmannin is a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI-3 kinase). It blocked MCP-1-induced histamine release with an IC50 of 3.3 x 10(-8) M indicating a role of PI-3 kinase in this reaction. KT5926, an inhibitor of myosin light chain kinase, also inhibited histamine release in response to MCP-1 with an IC50 of 10(-6) M. Staurosporine, a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C, although being not specific, augmented MCP-1-induced histamine release by 31.9% at 10(-6) M. These results indicate the possible involvement of a series of kinases, including PI-3 kinase, in the signal transduction pathway used by MCP-1.

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