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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Aug 14;225(2):672-8.

HIV encodes for its own CD4 T-cell superantigen mitogen.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA.

Abstract

Previously we reported that Nef protein from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) induces proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Herein, we show that HIV replicates in cells activated by Nef. PBMC proliferated in response to Nef and were capable of producing significant amounts of infectious virus upon infection. Polyclonal antibodies to Nef synthetic peptides blocked proliferation and neutralized infection. Characteristic of superantigens, T-cell proliferation in response to Nef required antigen-presenting cells and showed CD4 Vb preferences as previously shown. These findings suggest that Nef is a virally encoded T-cell superantigen and, as such, may be vital in the establishment of HIV infection in a new host and in subsequent disease pathogenesis.

PMID:
8753817
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.1996.1228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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