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Acta Otolaryngol. 1995 Nov;115(6):787-95.

Culture of rabbit middle ear epithelial cells. A method for primary culture and subculture with identification, characterization and growth specification.

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Ear-, Nose and Throat Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.


During the last decade middle ear epithelium has been cultured from various species. Until now, subcultivation has been achieved only with the use of a feeder-cell layer or conditioned medium. These factors are possible confounders in the in vitro model. On the other hand, subcultivation is necessary for exact quantitative studies. We present a reproducible culture method allowing subcultivation without feeder-cells or conditioned medium. The main features in our method are a low-serum, hormone-supplemented medium, an incubation temperature of 34 degrees C, fixation of explants, gentle trypsinization and replating with high cell density. Cells were identified by immunohistochemistry through a battery of monclonal antibodies. The percentage of epithelial cells in the subculture was 99.2%. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing subcultivation of middle ear epithelial cells exclusively in a completely controlled environment. These are optimal circumstances for future investigation and quantification of various factors influencing proliferation and differentiation of middle ear epithelium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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